GuttersOnce or twice a year, it's a good idea to clean out your gutters and downspouts. If your gutters are clogged, rain won't drain properly. Water can overflow the gutters and cause serious structural damage to your foundation over time. In addition, a gutter full of water is heavy and can damage the fascia boards on your roof.
But, before you start, know that cleaning your gutters and/or inspecting your roof system can be risky. It's important to remember these important ladder safety tips:
- Make sure the ladder is on solid, level ground.
- Secure the ladder at the top to prevent it from slipping.
- Extend the ladder at least 3 feet beyond the gutter, and angle it 1 foot back from the house for every 4 feet in eave height.
- Remove leaves, sticks, needles and seeds from gutters, scooping out debris with a garden trowel or gloved hand.
- Don't try to remove the debris with a hose because that may cause downspouts to clog.
- Remove the pasty goo made up from the tiny granules from asphalt roofing shingles that have mixed with dirt and water.
- Flush residual matter using a garden hose.
- To clean downspouts, turn on the hose full blast and thread into drain opening.
- Check gutters after flushing for pools that indicate low spots. Gutters should be sloped about 1 vertical inch for every 15 to 20 horizontal feet so they drain properly. Adjust gutters as necessary.
Signs Your Roof May Be DamagedMost roof damage occurs before anyone at ground level notices it. The following are some signs that your roof (or parts of it) may need replacing.
- Shingles that are buckling, curling or blistering; this indicates the end of the shingles' life expectancy.
- Loose material or wear around chimneys, pipes and other penetrations.
- Excessive amounts of shingle granules in your gutters; granules give shingles added weight and protect them from ultraviolet rays.
- Be sure to inspect the area around pipes and chimneys.
- Inside your home, check interior walls and ceilings for water damage.
When to Call in the ProfessionalsIf you see a potential roofing problem, don't try to fix it yourself. Call a professional roofing contractor. Be sure your contractor has a permanent place of business, telephone number and tax identification number. In addition, check references from prior customers and ask for proof of insurance (liability and workers' compensation) and be sure to ask the contractor to explain material and workmanship warranties. To receive your free Roof Checkup Guide or for more information about how to find a professional roofing contractor in your area, check out NRCA's web site at www.nrca.net.
A professional roofing contractor can help you do the following:
- Determine whether you have appropriate levels of insulation
- Talk to you about new energy-efficient products available, such as reflective shingle granules
- Explain how roof maintenance can help you recognize energy savings
See Also: 4 Tips for Spring Maintenance